Sauvignon Blanc is one of the most popular white wines in the world, with strong ties to Bordeaux and the Loire Valley in France.
The name ‘Sauvignon Blanc’ means ‘Wild White”, and it is quite different from other white wines like Chardonnay due to its green and herbaceous flavour.
The Sauvignon Blanc wine grapes is one of the most widely cultivated in the world, thus giving the wine itself a wide range of styles and flavors from grassy to tropical as well as floral, unique to particular brands.
How is the taste?
Like all white wines, Sauvignon Blanc comes with a fruity taste, the primary ones being lime, green apple, passion fruit and white peach. Also, the ripeness of the grapes as well as the time when the wine is produced ensures for how the wine will taste – either zesty lime to flowery peach.
However, the wine stands out from other wines due to its other herbaceous flavours like jalapeño, gooseberry, bell pepper and grass – which all come from aromatic compounds called pyrazines and are the secret to Sauvignon Blanc’s taste.
Sauvignon Blanc is a dry wine.
A sip of Sauvignon Blanc leaves a bit of dryness that comes along with its unique taste. Aside from winemakers in a few producers in regions like New Zealand and California who add a little sugar for a richer texture, most Sauvignon Blanc wines are dry.
Sauvignon Blanc Regions
There are two classes of wine regions that the Sauvignon Blanc belong to. There is the Old World Regions and the New World Regions.
France, with 71,000 acres of Sauvignon Blanc grapes leads the Old world category with vineyards found mostly in Bordeaux and the Loire Valley. Also known as Pouilly-Fumé, Sancerre, Graves, Entre-Deux-Mers, and Touraine.
Italy has over 45,000 est. acres of the grapes found primarily in Northeastern Italy, while Spain follows with about 6,200 acres grown in Central Spain.
Other Regions in the Old world are Romania and Moldova.
The New World Regions include New Zealand with 41,500 acres in the regions of Marlborough, Martinborough, Gisbourne, Hawkes Bay, and Waipara Valley.
The USA has 40,000 acres found mostly in Sonoma and Napa California, Chile has 31,000 acres, South Africa has 23,500 acres and Australia has 17,500 acres grown predominantly in South Australia and Victoria.
What else about Sauvignon Blanc?
The wine has medium acidity which demands it to be served in a temperature of 46 ºF (8 ºC) unoaked, and 52 ºF (11 ºC) oaked.
It is the parent grape to America’s Cabernet Sauvignon and other varieties similar to it include: Verdejo, Albariño, Colombard, Grüner Veltliner, Verdicchio, Vermentino, Tocai Friulano, Savignan (rare), Traminer, Sauvignon Vert (rare)
In the US, the wine is known as the Fumé Blanc, Austrians call it Muskat-Silvaner, the Germans know it as Feigentraube while in Italy, it goes by just Sauvignon.
Sauvignon Blanc blends well with Semillon and Muscadelle in White Bordeaux, and can be served with white meat, fish, herbs, cheese and vegetables.